Frequently Asked Questions

What is Childhood Apraxia of Speech?

  • Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) is a motor speech disorder that first becomes apparent as a young child is learning speech. For reasons not yet fully understood, children with apraxia of speech have great difficulty planning and producing the precise, highly refined and specific series of movements of the tongue, lips, jaw and palate that are necessary for intelligible speech.  Apraxia of speech is sometimes called verbal apraxia, developmental apraxia of speech, or verbal dyspraxia.  No matter what name is used, the most important concept is the root word “praxis.” Praxis means planned movement. To some degree or another, a child with the diagnosis of apraxia of speech has difficulty programming and planning speech movements.  Apraxia of speech is a specific speech disorder.  This difficulty in planning speech movements is the hallmark or “signature” of childhood apraxia of speech.



What Causes Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) and is it preventable?

  • First, it is important for parents to understand that there is most likely nothing that you did to “cause” your child’s speech disability.   It is not about how much you talked to your child or whether or not you had them in daycare, for example.  Your child does not have apraxia because you separated from your spouse or because you moved to a new city.  So while we know that parents have a strong role in healthy child development, unless there was abuse, neglect, or isolation, you are not responsible for causing your child’s speech problems. 



What Makes Speech Therapy Different for Children with Apraxia?


Approaches, Methods and Goals for Children with Childhood Apraxia of Speech


Additional information can be found at

This is the webpage of CASANA (Childhood Apraxia of Speech Association of North America).  Turn to it for reliable information for both parents and SLPs as well as training webinars, merchandise and resources.

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"Bonnie’s presentation style is energetic and her applications are research based and practical. Her training sessions are always outstanding!"

Intervention Learn More

Bonnie is available for direct assessment and treatment services as well as to consult with parents, treating Speech-Language Pathologists and other professionals regarding Childhood Apraxia of Speech, persistent speech sound disorders and evidence-based practice.  

Workshops Learn More

Bonnie provides a variety of seminars and workshops designed to give participants the knowledge, skills and tools they need to effectively support children with speech sound disorders.  Bonnie is known for workshops that are energetic, interactive and packed with “use it tomorrow” practicality.